by Ruth McKean, Sports Nutritionist
Sports such as skiing and snowboarding have been
popular for many years and require at least short-term exposure
to high altitude. In more recent years an increasingly large
number of people are going to high altitude to seek added adventure
and challenges with sports such as mountain climbing and trekking.
Trekking in the Nepalese Himalayas has nearly quadrupled in
the last ten years and each year 10,000 western tourist climb
over the 5400m Thorong Pass.
The aim of this article is to discuss how physical
activities at high altitude can potentially affect nutritional
requirements. The following pages may be particularly useful
to the walker or mountain climber whose goal is to complete
a route or the summating of a peak. It will also provide some
useful information to an athlete training or competing at high
Nutrients that will be discussed include total
energy requirements, marconutrients (carbohydrate, fat and protein),
mirconutrients (vitamins and minerals) and water requirements
at high altitude.
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