by Ruth McKean, Sports Nutritionist
Nutrient Concerns for Vegetarian Athletes
Vitamin B12 deficiency is very uncommon. However, it can develop
in strict vegans as Vitamin B12 is only found in meat or food
derived from animal products, such as dairy products and eggs.
No active form of B12 is found naturally in plant foods (and
that includes soya products). Therefore individuals following
a vegan diet should include a fortified source of B12 in the
diet such as soyabean milk fortified with B12 or take a vitamin
B12 supplement. However, if you eat dairy products and eggs
they will provide you with sufficient amounts of B12. The current
recommended nutrient intake (RNI) is adequate for all requirements
apart from cases of malabsorption (impaired absorption of nutrients).
It has been reported that vegetarians have a lower zinc status
than non-vegetarians. This may be due to the fact that cereals,
legumes, nuts soya products and eggs are secondary sources of
zinc. However there is no indication that vegetarian athletes
or non-athletes need to include Zinc supplements in the diet.
The best sources of Zinc are crab, shrimps and oysters.
Back to top
content within this website is provided by independent third parties,
either as part of a feature or through links to other websites. ScottishSport.co.uk
does not accept responsibility for the content of those sites or the
accuracy of any information contained within this site.
Scottishsport.co.uk. All right reserved.